[PATCH v3 0/5] modernize t1500

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[PATCH v3 0/5] modernize t1500

Eric Sunshine
This is a re-roll of [1] which modernizes t1500 by updating tests to set
up their own needed state rather than relying upon manipulation of
global state.

Changes since v2[1]:

Avoid POSIX ${dir:+-C "$dir"} since some older broken shells incorrectly
expand this to a single argument ("-C <dir>") rather than the expected
two (-C and "<dir>"). Thanks to Peff and SZEDER for providing links to
previous reports of this problem[2][3].

Include the leading dashes in option names iterated over by the for-loop
in test_rev_parse() to potentially make it easier for some future change
to specify multiple options at once to git-rev-parse (SZEDER's
example[4] was "git rev-parse --absolute-path --git-dir").

A v2 to v3 interdiff is included below.

[1]: http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/294902
[2]: http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/294902/focus=294916
[3]: http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/294902/focus=294923
[4]: http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/294902/focus=294971

Eric Sunshine (5):
  t1500: be considerate to future potential tests
  t1500: test_rev_parse: facilitate future test enhancements
  t1500: avoid changing working directory outside of tests
  t1500: avoid setting configuration options outside of tests
  t1500: avoid setting environment variables outside of tests

 t/t1500-rev-parse.sh | 123 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------
 1 file changed, 63 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)

--- >8 ---
diff --git a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
index 39af565..038e24c 100755
--- a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
+++ b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
@@ -5,13 +5,13 @@ test_description='test git rev-parse'
 
 # usage: [options] label is-bare is-inside-git is-inside-work prefix git-dir
 test_rev_parse () {
- dir=
+ d=
  bare=
  gitdir=
  while :
  do
  case "$1" in
- -C) dir="$2"; shift; shift ;;
+ -C) d="$2"; shift; shift ;;
  -b) case "$2" in
     [tfu]*) bare="$2"; shift; shift ;;
     *) error "test_rev_parse: bogus core.bare value '$2'" ;;
@@ -25,11 +25,11 @@ test_rev_parse () {
  name=$1
  shift
 
- for o in is-bare-repository \
- is-inside-git-dir \
- is-inside-work-tree \
- show-prefix \
- git-dir
+ for o in --is-bare-repository \
+ --is-inside-git-dir \
+ --is-inside-work-tree \
+ --show-prefix \
+ --git-dir
  do
  test $# -eq 0 && break
  expect="$1"
@@ -42,13 +42,13 @@ test_rev_parse () {
  fi &&
 
  case "$bare" in
- t*) test_config ${dir:+-C "$dir"} core.bare true ;;
- f*) test_config ${dir:+-C "$dir"} core.bare false ;;
- u*) test_unconfig ${dir:+-C "$dir"} core.bare ;;
+ t*) test_config ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare true ;;
+ f*) test_config ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare false ;;
+ u*) test_unconfig ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare ;;
  esac &&
 
  echo "$expect" >expect &&
- git ${dir:+-C "$dir"} rev-parse --$o >actual &&
+ git ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} rev-parse $o >actual &&
  test_cmp expect actual
  '
  shift
--- >8 ---

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[PATCH v3 1/5] t1500: be considerate to future potential tests

Eric Sunshine
The final batch of git-rev-parse tests work against a non-local object
database named repo.git. This is done by renaming .git to repo.git and
pointing GIT_DIR at it, but the name is never restored to .git at the
end of the script, which can be problematic for tests added in the
future. Be more friendly by instead making repo.git a copy of .git.

Furthermore, make it clear that tests in repo.git will be independent
from the results of earlier tests done in .git by initializing repo.git
earlier in the test sequence.

Likewise, bundle remaining preparation (such as directory creation) into
a common setup test consistent with modern practice.

Signed-off-by: Eric Sunshine <[hidden email]>
---
 t/t1500-rev-parse.sh | 8 +++++---
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
index 48ee077..0194f54 100755
--- a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
+++ b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
@@ -37,6 +37,11 @@ test_rev_parse() {
 
 ROOT=$(pwd)
 
+test_expect_success 'setup' '
+ mkdir -p sub/dir work &&
+ cp -R .git repo.git
+'
+
 test_rev_parse toplevel false false true '' .git
 
 cd .git || exit 1
@@ -45,7 +50,6 @@ cd objects || exit 1
 test_rev_parse .git/objects/ false true false '' "$ROOT/.git"
 cd ../.. || exit 1
 
-mkdir -p sub/dir || exit 1
 cd sub/dir || exit 1
 test_rev_parse subdirectory false false true sub/dir/ "$ROOT/.git"
 cd ../.. || exit 1
@@ -56,7 +60,6 @@ test_rev_parse 'core.bare = true' true false false
 git config --unset core.bare
 test_rev_parse 'core.bare undefined' false false true
 
-mkdir work || exit 1
 cd work || exit 1
 GIT_DIR=../.git
 GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)"/../.git/config
@@ -71,7 +74,6 @@ test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
 git config --unset core.bare
 test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
 
-mv ../.git ../repo.git || exit 1
 GIT_DIR=../repo.git
 GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)"/../repo.git/config
 
--
2.8.2.748.g927f425

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[PATCH v3 2/5] t1500: test_rev_parse: facilitate future test enhancements

Eric Sunshine
In reply to this post by Eric Sunshine
Tests run by test_rev_parse() are nearly identical; each invokes
git-rev-parse with a single option and compares the result against an
expected value. Such duplication makes it onerous to extend the tests
since any change needs to be repeated in each test. Avoid the
duplication by parameterizing the test and driving it via a for-loop.

Signed-off-by: Eric Sunshine <[hidden email]>
---
 t/t1500-rev-parse.sh | 44 +++++++++++++++++---------------------------
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
index 0194f54..ecc575b 100755
--- a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
+++ b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
@@ -3,38 +3,28 @@
 test_description='test git rev-parse'
 . ./test-lib.sh
 
-test_rev_parse() {
+# usage: label is-bare is-inside-git is-inside-work prefix git-dir
+test_rev_parse () {
  name=$1
  shift
 
- test_expect_success "$name: is-bare-repository" \
- "test '$1' = \"\$(git rev-parse --is-bare-repository)\""
- shift
- [ $# -eq 0 ] && return
-
- test_expect_success "$name: is-inside-git-dir" \
- "test '$1' = \"\$(git rev-parse --is-inside-git-dir)\""
- shift
- [ $# -eq 0 ] && return
-
- test_expect_success "$name: is-inside-work-tree" \
- "test '$1' = \"\$(git rev-parse --is-inside-work-tree)\""
- shift
- [ $# -eq 0 ] && return
-
- test_expect_success "$name: prefix" \
- "test '$1' = \"\$(git rev-parse --show-prefix)\""
- shift
- [ $# -eq 0 ] && return
-
- test_expect_success "$name: git-dir" \
- "test '$1' = \"\$(git rev-parse --git-dir)\""
- shift
- [ $# -eq 0 ] && return
+ for o in --is-bare-repository \
+ --is-inside-git-dir \
+ --is-inside-work-tree \
+ --show-prefix \
+ --git-dir
+ do
+ test $# -eq 0 && break
+ expect="$1"
+ test_expect_success "$name: $o" '
+ echo "$expect" >expect &&
+ git rev-parse $o >actual &&
+ test_cmp expect actual
+ '
+ shift
+ done
 }
 
-# label is-bare is-inside-git is-inside-work prefix git-dir
-
 ROOT=$(pwd)
 
 test_expect_success 'setup' '
--
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[PATCH v3 3/5] t1500: avoid changing working directory outside of tests

Eric Sunshine
In reply to this post by Eric Sunshine
Ideally, each test should be responsible for setting up state it needs
rather than relying upon transient global state. Toward this end, teach
test_rev_parse() to accept a "-C <dir>" option to allow callers to
instruct it explicitly in which directory its tests should be run. Take
advantage of this new option to avoid changing the working directory
outside of tests.

Implementation note: test_rev_parse() passes "-C <dir>" along to
git-rev-parse with <dir> properly quoted. The natural and POSIX way to
do so is via ${dir:+-C "$dir"}, however, with some older broken shells,
this expression evaluates incorrectly to a single argument ("-C <dir>")
rather than the expected two (-C and "<dir>"). Work around this problem
with the slightly ungainly expression: ${dir:+-C} ${dir:+"$dir"}

Signed-off-by: Eric Sunshine <[hidden email]>
---
 t/t1500-rev-parse.sh | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
index ecc575b..d73a52b 100755
--- a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
+++ b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
@@ -3,8 +3,18 @@
 test_description='test git rev-parse'
 . ./test-lib.sh
 
-# usage: label is-bare is-inside-git is-inside-work prefix git-dir
+# usage: [options] label is-bare is-inside-git is-inside-work prefix git-dir
 test_rev_parse () {
+ d=
+ while :
+ do
+ case "$1" in
+ -C) d="$2"; shift; shift ;;
+ -*) error "test_rev_parse: unrecognized option '$1'" ;;
+ *) break ;;
+ esac
+ done
+
  name=$1
  shift
 
@@ -18,7 +28,7 @@ test_rev_parse () {
  expect="$1"
  test_expect_success "$name: $o" '
  echo "$expect" >expect &&
- git rev-parse $o >actual &&
+ git ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} rev-parse $o >actual &&
  test_cmp expect actual
  '
  shift
@@ -34,15 +44,10 @@ test_expect_success 'setup' '
 
 test_rev_parse toplevel false false true '' .git
 
-cd .git || exit 1
-test_rev_parse .git/ false true false '' .
-cd objects || exit 1
-test_rev_parse .git/objects/ false true false '' "$ROOT/.git"
-cd ../.. || exit 1
+test_rev_parse -C .git .git/ false true false '' .
+test_rev_parse -C .git/objects .git/objects/ false true false '' "$ROOT/.git"
 
-cd sub/dir || exit 1
-test_rev_parse subdirectory false false true sub/dir/ "$ROOT/.git"
-cd ../.. || exit 1
+test_rev_parse -C sub/dir subdirectory false false true sub/dir/ "$ROOT/.git"
 
 git config core.bare true
 test_rev_parse 'core.bare = true' true false false
@@ -50,30 +55,29 @@ test_rev_parse 'core.bare = true' true false false
 git config --unset core.bare
 test_rev_parse 'core.bare undefined' false false true
 
-cd work || exit 1
 GIT_DIR=../.git
-GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)"/../.git/config
+GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)/work/../.git/config"
 export GIT_DIR GIT_CONFIG
 
 git config core.bare false
-test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
 
 git config core.bare true
-test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
+test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
 
 git config --unset core.bare
-test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
 
 GIT_DIR=../repo.git
-GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)"/../repo.git/config
+GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)/work/../repo.git/config"
 
 git config core.bare false
-test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
 
 git config core.bare true
-test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
+test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
 
 git config --unset core.bare
-test_rev_parse 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
 
 test_done
--
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[PATCH v3 4/5] t1500: avoid setting configuration options outside of tests

Eric Sunshine
In reply to this post by Eric Sunshine
Ideally, each test should be responsible for setting up state it needs
rather than relying upon transient global state. Toward this end, teach
test_rev_parse() to accept a "-b <value>" option to allow callers to set
"core.bare" explicitly or undefine it. Take advantage of this new option
to avoid setting "core.bare" outside of tests.

Under the hood, "-b <value>" invokes "test_config -C <dir>" (or
"test_unconfig -C <dir>"), thus git-config knows explicitly where to
find its configuration file. Consequently, the global GIT_CONFIG
environment variable required by the manual git-config invocations
outside of tests is no longer needed, and is thus dropped.

Signed-off-by: Eric Sunshine <[hidden email]>
---
 t/t1500-rev-parse.sh | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
index d73a52b..325d821 100755
--- a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
+++ b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
@@ -6,10 +6,15 @@ test_description='test git rev-parse'
 # usage: [options] label is-bare is-inside-git is-inside-work prefix git-dir
 test_rev_parse () {
  d=
+ bare=
  while :
  do
  case "$1" in
  -C) d="$2"; shift; shift ;;
+ -b) case "$2" in
+    [tfu]*) bare="$2"; shift; shift ;;
+    *) error "test_rev_parse: bogus core.bare value '$2'" ;;
+    esac ;;
  -*) error "test_rev_parse: unrecognized option '$1'" ;;
  *) break ;;
  esac
@@ -27,6 +32,12 @@ test_rev_parse () {
  test $# -eq 0 && break
  expect="$1"
  test_expect_success "$name: $o" '
+ case "$bare" in
+ t*) test_config ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare true ;;
+ f*) test_config ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare false ;;
+ u*) test_unconfig ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare ;;
+ esac &&
+
  echo "$expect" >expect &&
  git ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} rev-parse $o >actual &&
  test_cmp expect actual
@@ -49,35 +60,25 @@ test_rev_parse -C .git/objects .git/objects/ false true false '' "$ROOT/.git"
 
 test_rev_parse -C sub/dir subdirectory false false true sub/dir/ "$ROOT/.git"
 
-git config core.bare true
-test_rev_parse 'core.bare = true' true false false
+test_rev_parse -b t 'core.bare = true' true false false
 
-git config --unset core.bare
-test_rev_parse 'core.bare undefined' false false true
+test_rev_parse -b u 'core.bare undefined' false false true
 
 GIT_DIR=../.git
-GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)/work/../.git/config"
-export GIT_DIR GIT_CONFIG
+export GIT_DIR
 
-git config core.bare false
-test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -b f 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
 
-git config core.bare true
-test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -b t 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
 
-git config --unset core.bare
-test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -b u 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
 
 GIT_DIR=../repo.git
-GIT_CONFIG="$(pwd)/work/../repo.git/config"
 
-git config core.bare false
-test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -b f 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
 
-git config core.bare true
-test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -b t 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
 
-git config --unset core.bare
-test_rev_parse -C work 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -b u 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
 
 test_done
--
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[PATCH v3 5/5] t1500: avoid setting environment variables outside of tests

Eric Sunshine
In reply to this post by Eric Sunshine
Ideally, each test should be responsible for setting up state it needs
rather than relying upon transient global state. Toward this end, teach
test_rev_parse() to accept a "-g <dir>" option to allow callers to
specify the value of the GIT_DIR environment variable explicitly. Take
advantage of this new option to avoid polluting the global scope with
GIT_DIR assignments.

Implementation note: Typically, tests avoid polluting the global state
by wrapping transient environment variable assignments within a
subshell, however, this technique doesn't work here since test_config()
and test_unconfig() need to know GIT_DIR, as well, but neither function
can be used within a subshell. Consequently, GIT_DIR is instead cleared
manually via test_when_finished().

Signed-off-by: Eric Sunshine <[hidden email]>
---
 t/t1500-rev-parse.sh | 24 +++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
index 325d821..038e24c 100755
--- a/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
+++ b/t/t1500-rev-parse.sh
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ test_description='test git rev-parse'
 test_rev_parse () {
  d=
  bare=
+ gitdir=
  while :
  do
  case "$1" in
@@ -15,6 +16,7 @@ test_rev_parse () {
     [tfu]*) bare="$2"; shift; shift ;;
     *) error "test_rev_parse: bogus core.bare value '$2'" ;;
     esac ;;
+ -g) gitdir="$2"; shift; shift ;;
  -*) error "test_rev_parse: unrecognized option '$1'" ;;
  *) break ;;
  esac
@@ -32,6 +34,13 @@ test_rev_parse () {
  test $# -eq 0 && break
  expect="$1"
  test_expect_success "$name: $o" '
+ if test -n "$gitdir"
+ then
+ test_when_finished "unset GIT_DIR" &&
+ GIT_DIR="$gitdir" &&
+ export GIT_DIR
+ fi &&
+
  case "$bare" in
  t*) test_config ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare true ;;
  f*) test_config ${d:+-C} ${d:+"$d"} core.bare false ;;
@@ -64,21 +73,18 @@ test_rev_parse -b t 'core.bare = true' true false false
 
 test_rev_parse -b u 'core.bare undefined' false false true
 
-GIT_DIR=../.git
-export GIT_DIR
 
-test_rev_parse -C work -b f 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -g ../.git -b f 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
 
-test_rev_parse -C work -b t 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -g ../.git -b t 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
 
-test_rev_parse -C work -b u 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -g ../.git -b u 'GIT_DIR=../.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
 
-GIT_DIR=../repo.git
 
-test_rev_parse -C work -b f 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -g ../repo.git -b f 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = false' false false true ''
 
-test_rev_parse -C work -b t 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -g ../repo.git -b t 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare = true' true false false ''
 
-test_rev_parse -C work -b u 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
+test_rev_parse -C work -g ../repo.git -b u 'GIT_DIR=../repo.git, core.bare undefined' false false true ''
 
 test_done
--
2.8.2.748.g927f425

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